Map Markers and Acronyms

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At Beowulf we like to use a variety of map markers and acronyms.

These markers and acronyms are used to help convey important information quickly and accurately.

When leading it is expected that you use the appropriate markers when planning a mission.

This will help to communicate your plan effectively with squad leaders and other command elements in the ORBAT.

While we don't expect you to remember all of these we have created this guide so you can remember what markers and acronyms mean in a session.

Beowulf Map Markers

An example of a Beowulf Map

Geographical & Movement Map Markers

This is a list of predetermined markers we use when planning missions. They either indicate geographic positions or points of movement.

Acronym Full Name Description
OP Observation Point/Overwatch Point A position from which observations are made, or fire directed and adjusted
OBJ Objective A clearly defined and attainable area where the focus of the operation is directed
HP Holding Point A defined area used for preparing the next phase of the operations
BOF Base Of Fire A supporting position that provides overwatch and covering fire
ZF Zone Of Fire An area into which a designated ground unit or fire support asset delivers or is prepared to deliver, fire.
RP Rally Point A point to rally on
RV Rendezvous A point to rendezvous on. Practically same as RP.
FUP Form Up Point A secure area in which an attacking force prepares for an attack
WP Way Point A general way point marker used for navigation by ground forces
PL Phase Line A line utilised for control and coordination of operations
RL Report Line A line at which troops, after having reached it, report to command
CP Checkpoint A predetermined point used as a means of controlling movement. May be a manned or unmanned post along a road or border.
SP Starting Point Used to mark the start of a series of checkpoints
FP Finishing Point Used to mark the end of a series of checkpoints
LZ Landing Zone A point for insertion, extraction or CASEVAC using aircraft
ALZ Alternative Landing Zone An alternate landing zone if the primary one is too dangerous
DZ Drop Zone An area where airborne troops, equipment or supplies are airdropped
IP Initial Point A well-defined point, easily distinguishable. Used by CAS aircraft as a starting point for airstrikes.
AO Area of Operations The geographical area within which a commander has authority to conduct operations
MSR Main Supply Route A main route within the operational area where a large bulk of traffic flows. Often a main road in the AO.
ASR/SSR Alternate/Secondary Supply Route A smaller route within the operational area used for support logistics. Often a smaller road or dirt track in the AO.
LOA Limit of Advance An easily recognised geographical feature beyond which elements will not advance
DEF Defensive Position A defensive position such as a bunker, trench or garrisoned building
MOB Main Operating Base A permanently manned and well protected base, used to support deployed forces. Usually with robust sea and/or air access
FOB Forward Operating Base A secured forward military position which can support tactical operations.
TOC Tactical Operations Centre A small command post used by military personnel to command members of a tactical element during a mission

Forces & Equipment

The following table list markers and acronyms used to mark enemy or friendly forces or equipment

Acronym Full Name Description
HMG Heavy Machine Gun A heavy machine gun emplacement or position
MMG Medium Machine Gun A medium machine gun emplacement or position
AA Anti-Aircraft A position of a main-portable AA system. (MANPADS/Stinger/Strelka)
AAA Anti-Aircraft Artillery A position of a heavy anti aircraft unit. (ZU-23, Tunguska, Patriot Missile System)
MORT Mortar Pit A position of an infantry mortar team
GMG Grenade Machine Gun A static grenade launcher emplacement or position
ATGM Anti-Tank Guided Missile A static anti-tank launcher usually equipped with laser or guided missile. (TOW/MILAN)
MBT Main Battle Tank A heavily armoured tracked vehicle equipped with a large cannon
IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle An armoured vehicle which carries infantry into battle and provides fire support. Usually tracked.
APC Armoured Personnel Carrier An armoured vehicle which carries infantry into battle. Not intended to take part in direct-fire battle.
MRAP Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle An armoured vehicle engineered to withstand explosions from mines and IEDs
IED Improvised Explosive Device A bomb usually constructed from military explosives. Can be detonated remotely or by proximity triggers.
HOW Howitzer Position A position of a howitzer artillery piece used for indirect fire support
MHQ Mobile Headquarters A supporting mobile HQ where military personnel can command tactical elements during a mission

Beowulf Acronyms

Below are a list of acronyms in common use. They refer to common roles within a command structure and common miscellaneous concepts.

Acronym Full Name Description
ORBAT Order Of Battle The hierarchy or command structure of an armed force.
ROE Rules of Engagement Rules issued by military authority which specify the circumstances and limitations under which forces initiate or maintain combat engagement
FOV Field Of View The total solid angle available to a gunner or unit from his position
CAS Close Air Support Planes, Helicopters or Aeriel units able to provide combat support to ground troops
LAT Light Anti-Tank A light anti-tank weapon such as AT4, M72 LAW & RPG-26
MAT Medium Anti-Tank A medium anti-tank weapon such as a SMAW, Carl Gustav & RPG-7
HAT Heavy Anti-Tank A heavy anti-tank weapon such as a FGM-148 Javelin, METIS or MILAN
AR Autorifleman Rifleman with an automatic weapon used for suppressive fire such as a M249, RPK or L86 LSW
AR Asst Autorifleman Assistant Rifleman who assists the autorifleman with ammo, barrel changes and correcting point of aim
EOD Explosive Ordinance Disposal Helps to dismantle, disarm or destroy explosive ordinance like IEDs and Weapon Caches
TL/FTL Team Leader/ Fireteam Leader Commands a unit of men within a squad. Usually a Corporal
SL Squad Leader Commands a unit of men usually several fireteams. Usually a Sergeant
PL Platoon Leader Commands a unit of men usually several squads. Usually a Lieutenant
2iC 2nd in Command Second in charge of a platoon if the Platoon Leader is unable to command
JTAC/FAC Joint Terminal Attack Controller/Forward Air Controller In direct command an communication with air assets, calls in CAS, resupply and arranges landing zones
FO Forward Observer In charge of calling in artillery or mortar strikes and adjusting point of fire